Hawaiian Names with Diacritics
- Hala pepe
- Hala pepe
- Oʻahu hala pepe
- Dracaena halapepe
- Peomele halaapepe
Names with Unknown Sources
- Hala-a-pepe 
- Halapepe (an incorrect spelling for the Hawaiian name)
Endangered Species Status
Plant Form / Growth Habit
Mature Size, Height (in feet)
- Tree, Small, 15 to 30
- Tree, Medium, 30 to 50
Long lived (Greater than 5 years)
- Specimen Plant
Additional Landscape Use Information
This species is rather slow growing, but is a beautiful plant and well worth cultivating.
Plant Produces Flowers
Additional Blooming Period and Fruiting Information
This beautiful species (P. halapepe) very rarely flowers and has been collected only a few times flowering.
- Dark Green
- Medium Green
None necessary except to remove dead lower leaves and spent fruit stems (panicles).
Soil must be well drained
- Full sun
- Partial sun
Additional Lighting Information
This hala pepe prefers full sun conditions, but has been observed in wild and under cultivation growing in part sun locations as well. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]
Natural Zones (Elevation in feet, Rainfall in inches)
- 150 to 1000, 0 to 50 (Dry)
- 150 to 1000, 50 to 100 (Mesic)
- 1000 to 1999, 0 to 50 (Dry)
- 1000 to 1999, 50 to 100 (Mesic)
- 2000 to 2999, 0 to 50 (Dry)
- 2000 to 2999, 50 to 100 (Mesic)
Additional Habitat Information
From 590 to 2000 feet in dry and diverse mesic forests.
The genus Pleomele has been recently placed in the family Asparagaceae.
The generic name Pleomele is derived from the Greek pleon, many, and melon, apple, in reference to the large inflorescence that produce many fruits.
The specific epithet halapepe is named for hala pepe, which in fact is the Hawaiian name for all six members of these plants.
The Hawaiian name hala pepe (pēpē means baby) apparently meaning "baby hala," is most likely named for its likeness to hala. 
Halapepe, one word, has at times been used for the vernacular name of this species, whereas it is generally referred to as hala pepe, a two word name.  The specific epithet, though, for this particular species is written as one word: halapepe.
There are six endemic species of hala pepe (Pleomele spp.). Some of the most distinctive features among the Hawaiian species of hala pepe are found in leaf length, width and shape, and in the characteristic perianth, the portion of the flower that has petals and sepals (tepals). 
Early Hawaiian Use
Early Hawaiians used the leaves in bathing and steam baths for chills (liʻa), headaches, fever, and thought to stop burning temperature or sensation. 
 "Monograph of the Hawaiian Species of Pleomele (Liliaceae)," by Harold St. John, pages 171-189.
 "Native Hawaiian Medicine--Volume III" by The Rev. Kaluna M. Kaʻaiakamanu, pages 47-48.
 "Endangered Plants and Threatened Ecosystems on the Island of Hawaiʻi" by J. Juvik, J. DeLay, M. Merlin, M. Castillo, L. Perry, K. Kinney, page 30.
 Hawaiian Dictionaries online http://www.wehewehe.org [11/16/11]
Back to Plant List