Schiedea hookeri

leaf Main Plant Information





Common Names

  • Sprawling schiedea

leaf Plant Characteristics

Distribution Status


Endangered Species Status

At Risk

Plant Form / Growth Habit

  • Non-Woody, Clumping

Mature Size, Height (in feet)

  • Herbaceous, Short, Less than 1
  • Herbaceous, Medium, 1-3

Mature Size, Width

This schiedea has an approximately 4-foot spread.

Life Span

Long lived (Greater than 5 years)

Landscape Uses

  • Accent
  • Container
  • Ground Cover

Additional Landscape Use Information

This rare plant is a great groundcover or accent plant under the right conditions and can live for many years. [1]

Plant Produces Flowers


leaf Flower Characteristics

Flower Type

Not Showy

Flower Colors

  • Greenish-White
  • Purple
  • White

Additional Flower Color Information

White flowers with green or purple sepals.

Blooming Period

  • Sporadic
  • April
  • May
  • June

Additional Blooming Period and Fruiting Information

The blooming period for this rare schiedea in its natural habitat is from April to June. [2] In cultivation, the blooming period appear to be more sporadic. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]

leaf Leaf Characteristics

Plant texture

  • Fine
  • Medium

Additional Plant Texture Information

Leaves range from 1 to over 3 inches long.

Leaf Colors

  • Light Green

leaf Pests and Diseases

Additional Pest & Disease Information

Plants are prone to slugs, root mealy bugs, aphids, thrips and red spider mites.

leaf Growth Requirements


An application of a balanced slow release fertilize with minor elements every six months. Foliar feed monthly with kelp or fish emulsion, or a water-soluble fertilizer with a dilution of one half to one third of recommended strength. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]

Pruning Information

None necessary except to remove spent leaves and flower spikes.

Water Requirements

  • Dry

Additional Water Information

This schiedea can also tolerate moist conditions. Drooping leaves in the morning may indicate that plants should be watered but will typically droop in full sun. Water plants several times a week in extended periods of drought. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]

Soil must be well drained


Light Conditions

  • Full sun
  • Partial sun

Additional Lighting Information

Will tolerate full sun, but appears to do best in partial sunny locations. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]

Spacing Information

Plant about 1 to 2 feet apart for ground cover use. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]


  • Drought


  • Cinder
  • Organic


Drought tolerant once established. But does best watered on a regular basis during prolonged dry periods. [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]

leaf Environmental Information

Natural Range

  • Oʻahu
  • Maui

Natural Zones (Elevation in feet, Rainfall in inches)

  • 1000 to 1999, 50 to 100 (Mesic)
  • 2000 to 2999, 50 to 100 (Mesic)

Additional Habitat Information

Scattered and sometimes locally common at around 1150 to over 2600 feet in diverse mesic forest in the northern and central Waiʻanae Mountains, Oʻahu. A single specimen was found in East Maui (Haleakalā), but is presumed extinct there.

As with most schiedea, this species naturally grows on north-facing locations in their habitat. [2]

leaf Special Features and Information

General Information

Schiedea belong to the Pink family (Caryophyllaceae). Notable members include catchflies, pinks and carnations.

Schiedea is an endemic genus of 34 species--all of which are considered vulnerable, rare, or endangered, with a few extinct.


The generic name Schiedea is named in honor of Christian J. Schiede (1798-1836), German-born physician who collected in Mexico.

The specific epithet hookeri is named in honor of Sir William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865), English botanist and first Director of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in England. [3]

Additional References

[1] Steve Weller (Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine)
[2] "Monograph of Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae-Alsinoideae)" by Warren L. Wagner, pages 22-23, 111-113.

[3] [Accessed 12/28/10]

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